No, dpr, that “building”, “planting”, and “not plucking them up” applied only to the ones participating in the post-exilic return. It did not give an assurance to every single person in perpetuity who calls themselves a descendent of some tribe of Israel. It did NOT “shove it forward in time” as you suppose.
You DO remember the fruitless fig tree that Christ cursed in Jerusalem, don’t you? “No man eat fruit of thee hereafter forever”, He said (Mark 11:14). If you want to compare ethnic Israel to the fig tree, then sure, let’s go with the final curse put on the fig tree. As an ethnic “Holy people”, that particular designation for Israel ceased to exist long ago. That “bond woman and her son” has been cast out. Why do you want to welcome that entity back with open arms again?
You clearly did not understand what I wrote, not even certain you even read it.
Per 1 Kings 11 forward, God split the old kingdom of Israel into two separate kingdoms. He did that in the days of Solomon and his son Rehoboam. God made Jeroboam of the tribe of Ephraim king over the ten northern tribes, which was called the "kingdom of Israel". But Rehoboam of the house of David was king over the southern "kingdom of Judah" (tribes of Judah and Benjamin only).
Per 2 Kings, God removed the northern ten tribes out of the land first, captive to Assyria and the land of the Medes. That was about 120 years PRIOR to Judah's captivity by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon.
By then, the Jews were only made up of the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, and Levi, and then the strangers that lived among Judea that took the title of Jew also. Those are who went captive to Babylon for 70 years.
AFTER... the 70 years, only a small remnant of the "house of Judah" (those I mentioned before) actually returned to Jerusalem (per Ezra and Nehemiah). And THOSE... are who God is speaking of in the fig parable to Jeremiah in Jeremiah 24. It was a prophecy that did not yet happen in Jeremiah's day, but was meant for the latter days obviously, because one of the major parameters of the prophecy was God's promise not... to remove Judah out of the land again. Well, we know for certain that wasn't fulfilled during the time of the Romans, because in 70 A.D. the Romans scattered the Jews out of the holy land, what is called the Diaspora. Only since that time have Jews been slowly returning to the holy land. And in 1948, the United Nations voted to allow the creation of the Jew's nation state of Israel again.
Now if the Jews are ever removed again in our future, then the Jeremiah 24 prophecy would be slid into the future. But right now, as of 1948, that prophecy is fulfilled with Judah returning. It is NOT about all Israel returning, meaning the "house of Israel" with them, because the ten tribes are to remain lost as to who they are until Jesus returns in the future. The Jews don't even know today where the ten lost tribes of the northern kingdom are. And they, the ten tribes themselves, mostly do not know their old heritage as part of Israel. But in Amos 9, God promised He will gather them in final, and not even the least grain will fall to the ground.