Timeline for the legs of iron, also called the 4th beast.
Daniel 2:3, “His legs of iron.” In the last post we left off with the Greek Empire that ended in the year 68 B.C. The Greek Empire begins with Alexander the Great, he is represented by the belly of brass. Upon his death, 4 generals grew in strength and in authority. Of the four, 2 prevailed, one in the North, king Selencus 1 Nictor, the other in the South, king Ptolemy.
So, from the belly of brass (Alexander) there would be a division in the empire, this represented by the two thighs of brass, the Seleucid Empire, and Ptolemy’s empire ruled from Egypt.
Daniel’s image does not mention the knees which I feel would represent the transition that took place between Greece and Rome. This is referred to as the Greco-Roman period. The Greco-Roman world would directly affect and influence the language, the culture, government and religion.
1. Jerusalem taken by Pompey, 63 B.C.
2. Herod repairs Temple 19 B.C.
3. John the Baptist born 4 B.C. 6 months before Jesus.
4. Herod the Great dies in 4 B.C.
5. Jesus born between Oct.15th to the 30th of 4 B.C.
6. Jesus at the age of 12 reads in the temple about 8 A.D.
7. Jesus is Baptized by John and Holy Spirit in Oct of 26 A.D.
8. Jesus dies at 3 in the afternoon, the ninth hour on April 5, 30 A.D., the day before Passover. He was taken down from the cross before 6 in the evening.
“Deuteronomy 21:23, “And thou hang him on a tree: his body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but you shall in any wise bury him THAT day; ----- that your land be not defiled-.”
John 19:31, “The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation (for the Sabbath, for it was Passover week); that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day ---.”
9. Augustus (Latin: Imperātor Casear Dīvī Fīlius Augustus; born 9/23 63 B.C. Died August 19, 14 A.D. Augustus was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD.
10. Tiberius Caesar the stepson of Augustus Caesar co-ruled with Augustus for three years, beginning in 11 A.D. until Augustus’s death in 14 A.D. From 14 A.D. forward, he ruled alone.
11. Titus was born 12/30/39 A.D., died 9/13/81 A.D.
12. Stephen was stoned about 33 or 34 A.D.
13. Saul (Paul) had his Damascus road experience at the same time Stephen was stoned.
14. Paul begins his ministry in 37 A.D., after spending 3 years in the desert.
15. Nero was born on 12/18/37: reigned from 10/13;34 until 6/9/68 A.D.
16. Peter was put to death in 68 A.D., this, before the temple was destroyed.
17. The Roman’s destroyed the Temple and Jerusalem in 70 A.D., killing over a million Jews, and carrying 100,000 into captivity.
18. John the apostle is sent to the island of Patmos where he writes the book of Revelation around the years 95 or 96 A.D.
19. The Roman Empire had grown to large to be ruled from one place, Rome. So, a second capital, it also like Rome was built on 7 hills, was established at Constantinople.
20. Constantine the Great was born in 272 A.D., died 337 A.D. He called the Council of Nicaea together in 325 A.D.
21. At this council the doctrine of Arianism took a strong foothold, eventually spreading to many areas of the empire, especially at Constantinople.
22. Diocletian was born in 284 A.D. to 305 A.D.
Rome was not built in a day," neither did Rome fall in a day. The fall was gradual and came from both without and from within. Soon, the Barbarian hordes would begin to pour over their outer boundaries.
Sixty years after the founding of Constantinople, emperor Theodosius died, leaving two young sons, Arcadius the elder took Constantinople for his capital ruling over the Eastern Empire, and Honorius at the age of eleven became ruler of the Western empire with Rome as his capital.
Rome would eventually fall under the full force of the barbarian tribes. From Germany came the Goths, then the Ostrogoths, all were lawless, greedy and treacherous. Under king Alaric, the Visigoths attacked the empire over and over again. Twice they laid siege to Rome, and twice he spared the city. Still a third time he came, and this time he sacked and plundered Rome without mercy. He took many into captivity, as this once proud city bowed before him.
Other barbarians would attack Roman outposts, the Picts and Scots; the Franks, Burgundians, Lombard’s, Alemanni, and Vandals. But eventually, some of would settle the land.
Soon another beast would raise its blood thirsty head, that man, Attila the Hun. With great fury, his hoards swept across the plains toward Rome, and the people fled before him.
Atilla said, “I am the curse of God, the hammer of the world, where my horse’s hoofs have trod the grass will grow no more.”
Eventually the Goths and the Romans would march together against Atilla. Their battles were many, but eventually the Huns would be set back. Yet Atilla would make future attempts to defeat Rome. It was at this time Atilla would be met by pope, Leo 1st.
As the historians described the meeting, “Upon the banks of the River Mincio, the misshapen heathen (Atilla) met the priest of God. Upon the one side there was religion and knowledge and everything that stood for civilization, discipline, and lofty aims. Upon the other there was ignorance, license, and a lusting for blood.”
Was it the solemn words and pleading that softened Atilla’s heart, or was it the gold brought as a bribe? Atilla soon departed saying, "I can conquer men, but the Lion (Leo) knows how to conquer me."
Soon after this historic meeting by Leo and Atilla, we read of the enormous growth in power, wealth and authority of the Catholic church. It would soon become entangled in the affairs of many nations. Secular Rome lasted some 426 years, falling in 476 A.D. Its demise plunged the western world into what is known as the dark ages. Yet the church would persist in both Rome and Constantinople.
Next, the feet of the 4th beast whose feet and toes are described as being of iron mixed with clay. A period when the gospel of Jesus Christ, and his authority would be high-jacked by those who had vowed to protect it.