1 Corinthians 13:2 (KJV)
2 And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.
Paul claims to have everything and has no need of the FATHER and then he is falsely modest.
Paul isn't claiming to have all these things right here. This is a hypothetical he poses in the text. Paul says, "even if you have X, Y & Z, and can do A, B, & C, without Love, you have failed." The point here is to emphasize love, and to compare it to all those other things, and declare it to be superior to all of them.
So what the gift is of prophesy; is this where prophesy does not come directly from God but from men who understand all mysteries and does it require they do back somersaults?
Something like that. The Bible in its various translations sometimes uses the same word for two things that are related but perhaps not exactly the same. There are PROPHETS, and then there are prophets.
The former is a messenger of God, who receives supernatural revelation directly from the Almighty. "The Word of the Lord came unto..." is present for these. The Hebrew word is Nabiy or Nabu, behind the English text. Sometimes they are called angels (Mal'ak) rather than prophets, although the other
meaning of that word is most often understood.
The latter is someone whom God has gifted to perceive and decipher the signs and events in the world and heavens and figure out what's going to happen next. This is the "gift of prophecy." Our society tends to call them "experts" or give them specific names tying them to their area of expertise, such as "meteorologist" or "financial planner." In Hebrew they are Ra'ah (those who see - seers), although the other word (Nabiy) is also used.
In OT days, you might seek out such a person, probably living on a hill, where they engaged in the observation of the heavens, received the news along the circuit from ALL the adjacent towns, and practiced other forms of information-gathering, such as divination. It would be common for a great king to employ some number of them. They are occasionally called Magi or wise men, although that title belongs specifically to those wise-men employed by the king of Babylon, who are the most famous such practitioners in the Bronze Age.
1Sam 9:9 - Beforetime in Israel, when a man went to enquire of God, thus he spake, Come, and let us go to the seer: for he that is now called a Prophet was beforetime called a Seer.
Suppose Paul’s epistles were not in the Bible; what other NT verses could be used to justify abrogating the Law;
That's a big blanket statement from you, but I find that Paul is pretty technical on this subject.
First, Paul doesn't
abrogate the Law for Jews who have already bound themselves to perform it.
He does appear to call for new converts NOT to bind themselves to the Law, in the first place. He then explains that The Way (Christianity) is tied into the converts' status within the covenant between God and Abraham, rather than the covenant between God and the tribes of Israel, which Moses witnessed and presided over. Note that the whole message of the book of Hebrews (which is Paul-ish, if not conclusively Pauline), is that we have a better
covenant, with a better
mediator, and a better
What other authority besides Paul is there for abrogating the covenant because the Ten Commandments are the covenant in which not one dit or dot may be changed.
I don't see this happening. Where exactly does Paul permit any breaking of the 10 commandments?
As I said above, Paul seems to advocate going back to an older way of doing things than the Mosaic Law. The Noahide covenant is upheld as a standard for righteousness throughout Paul's books, and very specifically in Acts (written by Luke, who was clearly influenced heavily by Paul). The covenant with Abraham is held up as THE seminal covenant, and re-interpreted to include all those who are spiritual
children of Abraham, rather than simply the physical seed. But this is not Paul's innovation - I can show you throughout the gospels where Jesus (and John) taught the same.