I would have to say no to that question. At least for traditional Judaism. Messianic Judaism is another story and without the long history, one that is not able to be told yet.
Going back to Moses, who was a Levite, a prophet and a judge; there were many times listed in the Pentetuch that some issue came up (the guy carrying sticks on the sabbath, the girls whose father died with no brother to inherit the family property, etc) where Moses had to go to God and pray to find out what to do. After him, the priests and judges had to do the same thing.
When the pharasees rose up to fill in the gap left by an ineffectual priesthood they started doing the same thing. For the first few centuries that was just oral tradition or the "traditions of the fathers" as Paul calls it. Following the bar Kochba revolt of 135 ad, they decided to write it down and hence we got the Mishnah (200 ad) and Talmuds. (500 ad) The process of rabbinic decrees continues to this day. Added to "work" prohibited on the sabbath: driving a car, flipping a light switch.