We cannot trust the traditions of men on the Sabbath vs. Sunday issue, for this is not safe, nor in just mere human opinions. Instead we need to know what scripture actually says, and above all, what Jesus Christ Himself taught, so we accept His pure teaching as our final authority.
Jesus Christ is “Lord even of the Sabbath day” as the Creator. Jesus said,“For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath day.” Matthew 12:8. By identifying Himself as “Lord even of the Sabbath day,” Jesus of was showing that He was the One who originally created Earth in six days, and rested on the seventh day. And the New Testament makes clear that Jesus is the Creator...
"All things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that has been made." John 1:3
"He [Jesus] was in the world, and the world was made by Him, and the world knew Him not". John 1:10
"God, who created all things by Jesus Christ." Eph. 3:9
"For by Him [Jesus] all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him." Col. 1:16
So scripture makes clear Jesus Christ is our Creator and also gave us the Sabbath for man not just the Jews.
"And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:"Mark 2:27
Not only did Jesus create the Sabbath but He makes clear it was the seventh day and Holy...
"For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it." Exodus 20:11
"And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning." Exodus 16:23
Now you can check the scriptures and it will make clear the Sabbath is on Saturday, while Sunday is "the first day of the week" (Mat. 28:1; Mark 16:1, 2, etc). Jesus Christ regularly kept the Sabbath (Luke 4:16), taught much about the Sabbath (Mat. 12:12; 24:20), and clearly stated that He is "Lord even of the Sabbath day" (Mat. 12:8). Jesus Christ never mentioned "the first day of the week" even one time. He taught nothing about it. The Sabbath continues after the cross (Luke 23:54-56) and was kept in the book of Acts by both Jews and Gentiles (Acts 13:42-44; 16:13).
There is no biblical authorization for the change of the Bible Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday.
God made the Sabbath at the beginning of the world (Gen. 2:1-3) before any Jews existed, to be a blessing to all people. Most importantly, it is a special sign that Jesus Christ is the true Creator of heaven and earth ( John 1:1-3, 10; Col. 1:16; Ex. 20:11; Ezekiel 20:12).
When the Son of God came, He kept the seventh day all His life. Luke 4:16 "And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up for to read.¨ Thus Jesus followed His Father's example at creation. Shall we not be safe in following the example of both the Father and the Son?
Adam and Eve kept the Sabbath:
(27) And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:
Note: The Sabbath was made “for man” and when the Sabbath first came into the picture (Genesis 2:1-3) the only man alive then was Adam and his wife Eve. Therefore, the Sabbath was made for them, and for their offspring.
The understanding of the Law was given to man way before Moses as scripture makes clear...
"Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws." Genesis 26:5
The Ten Commandments were not part of Moses’ ceremonial law as Exodus 19, 20, and 31 clearly show. Also, there are many Bible references that show there was a distinguishment made between the Commandments and that of Moses’ book of the law.
Instead of abolishing the Sabbath, Jesus carefully taught how it should be observed.Matthew 12:1-13
Jesus is also known as the Lord of the Sabbath.Matthew 12:8. Why be Lord of something you were going to abolish?
Christ instructed His apostles that the Sabbath should be prayerfully regarded forty years after His resurrection.Matthew 24:20. When one reads all of Matt 24 they’ll see that Jesus was warning the disciples of the upcoming destruction of Jerusalem – which occurred about 40 years after His resurrection. Are we to believe that Christ didn’t know when this siege would take place?
Thirty years after Christ's resurrection, the Holy Spirit expressly calls it "the Sabbath day." Acts 13:14-16.Sounds like the Sabbath was still in effect even then, well after Christ's death.
The New Testament alone mentions the Sabbath day no less than 84 times - sounds like God is trying to tell us something. And never once is there a change of the Sabbath day to any other nor was it abolished.
Luke 23:56 - And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
Jesus' own mother observed the Sabbath AFTER Jesus died. If He had changed or done away with the Sabbath day (having nailed it to the cross), wouldn't His own mother have known it? She was a follower of the Messiah; Mary was certainly would have known of any changes as she was at the cross. Now lets see what Jesus did:
(16) And he came to Nazareth, where he [Jesus Christ] had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.
Jesus Christ said to keep the commandments:
"And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life? And he said unto him, if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments." Matthew 19:16-17
Jesus never said that the Sabbath would change even after His death:
"But pray ye that your flight be not in winter, neither on the Sabbath day." Matthew 24:20.
Jesus asked his disciples to pray that in the flight from the doomed city of Jerusalem they would not have to flee on the Sabbath day. This flight took place in 70 A.D.(40 years after the Cross).
He kept the seventh day as the Sabbath from Creation and in His life on earth, and Christ is our example, and He says if we love HIM to keep HIS Commandments.
So, when was the Sabbath made? It was made at Creation. By the seventh day God had finished the work He had been doing; so on the seventh day He rested from all His work. And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it He rested from all the work of creating that He had done.
The fourth commandment tells the same story:
"Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy ...... for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but He rested on the seventh day. Therefore,(for that reason) the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy."
Now lets see a important day in our life like the day we were born, what would you think of someone suggesting that you change your birthday to the following day or a few after, or perhaps to the day before? Is that your birthday, the day you were born, No of course not.
The same is true of the day the fourth commandment specifies as the day God made Holy, a day of rest for man. To be truly a cellebration of Creation, it has to be the seventh day of the week rather than the first or the fifth. Did God make a mistake in the day and made Sunday Holy and forgot to tell us? No, and neither can man change what God has created and it was the seventh day that God made holy.
The Sabbath is a special day to focus on Jesus Christ our Maker: Jesus is “the Lord” who made the world in six days, and “rested on the seventh day.” Thus the Sabbath is a special day to focus on the Jesus Christ as the Creator and Sustainer of all life. It is a day to come apart from the normal stresses and cares of everyday living, to be refreshed and blessed by the great Creator who loves and died for us.
We are to work at our normal jobs during the six working days, but from sundown Friday night until sundown Saturday night, we should rest from our work. Late Friday afternoon, after Jesus died, "the Sabbath drew on." Luke 23:54. When the sun went down, Christ's followers "rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment." Luke 23:56.
Secular business should be laid aside. Shopping, laundry, homework, and housecleaning should be done during the six working days, and laid aside on the Sabbath so we can rest from our labors and be free to focus on our Creator Jesus Christ and share our love and worship Him.