Here is more on these 'Seven Sacraments':
The term sacrament derives from the Latin sacramentum, the meaning of which is a thing set apart as holy. The New Testament never isolates certain acts of obedience from others by designating them as sacraments. However, as the early church (late first century and onward) began to drift from the New Testament pattern (cf. 2 Thes. 2:1ff; 1 Tim. 4:1ff; 2 Tim. 4:1ff), certain acts began to be distinguished from others as conveying a special sort of grace. These practices originally had a biblically-based background, but such gradually became perverted by misguided and/or unscrupulous teachers.
By medieval times (from about A.D. 500 to 1500), the Roman Church (deeply steeped in considerable error by this time) had isolated what its clergy called the sacraments. It was not until the 16th century that they were cataloged as seven. These were: Baptism, Confirmation, Penance, the Eucharist, Sacred Orders, Holy Matrimony, and Extreme Unction.
Here is the seven as practiced and held by the Roman Catholic Church:Baptism
Baptism is not a magical rite (administered by the sprinkling or pouring of water upon the candidate head) that bestows the grace of pardon (or the removal of original sin), as alleged in Roman theology.
Rather, baptism is exclusively the burial in water, and resurrection therefrom, of a penitent believer. It thus involves a person who has arrived at a responsible level of faith in God and his Son, Jesus Christ (Heb. 11:6; Jn. 8:24), and who is willing to openly confess the same in a public fashion (Rom. 10:9-10). That personal faith leads one to resolve to turn from sin in repentance, as much as is humanly possible (Lk. 13:3,5; Acts 17:31).
These preliminaries result in the sincere person seeking forgiveness from sin, on the basis of the shed blood of Jesus of Nazareth, in yielding to the sacred command to be baptized for the remission of one sins (Acts 2:38; 22:16).
Baptism is not an outward sign" of an inward grace received already. It is an outward act of obedience leading to pardon, and the obtaining of a clear conscience before God (1 Pet. 3:21).Confirmation
Confirmation is a ritual that was bequeathed sacramental status in the twelfth century A.D. (by Peter Lombard). It is administered by a Bishop (or sometimes delegated to a priest.) In Roman circles it generally is bestowed at about the age of seven to twelve (somewhere in proximity to the childs first communion).
In Lutheran practice, though not characterized as a sacrament, a similar rite is given to youngsters (in their early teens) who choose to confirm in their hearts the baptism their parents had performed upon them as infants. These rituals are without New Testament authority.Penance
Penance derives from the Latin poena (penalty). It refers to disciplinary procedures imposed by the apostate Church. Penance was codified as a sacrament by the Counil of Trent (A.D. 1545-63; Sess. xiv, 3). It involves the confession of ones sins to a priest, absolution, i.e., forgiveness extended by the cleric, and satisfaction submission to temporal penalty (e.g., a monetary fine or assigned works) exacted in order to effect reconciliation between the offender and the Church. The practice is of human origin and is an affront to the principles of the Christian faith in several particulars.Holy Eucharist
Holy Eucharist is the expression used in the Roman Catholic environment for what is more commonly referred to as the Lords supper. Eucharist derives from a Greek term which signifies thankful, or to give thanks (cf. eucharisteo, gave thanks Mt. 26:27). The doctrine of the Eucharist involves the idea of transubstantiation, i.e., the notion that when the priest pronounces sacred words, this is my body/blood, the bread and the fruit of the vine are transformed into the literal body and blood of the Savior.
This concept became an article of faith at the Council of Trent in 1551. The member eats only the bread (wafer), but supposedly he receives both elements (flesh and blood) within the bread. This is called communion under one kind. During the Eucharist ceremony, Christ is sacrificed again for sin (hence, the sacrifice of the mass, and, according to the dictum handed down by the Council of Trent, this sacrifice is identical with type of sacrifice that Jesus suffered on the cross. These ideas are contradictory to the plain teaching of the New Testament.
Transubstantiation fails to appreciate the symbolic nature of the Lords supper (a memorial, not an actual physical presence). Communion under one kind specifically ignores the Saviors instruction that all are to drink (see Mt. 26:27 ESV), and the theory of multiple messianic sacrifices stands in opposition to the explicit testimony of Scripture that Christ was offered but once (see Heb. 9:28).Holy Orders
Holy Orders has reference to the special appointment of certain officers in the Church. In Romanism it has to do with the ordination of offices, e.g., bishops/priests, deacons, and sub-deacons. By means of special ceremonies, those being ordained receive a sacred unction (anointing), which transfers to them an essence of such an exalted spiritual nature, that such can never be forfeited. No personal sin can ever make the ordained person unfit to function in this capacity. This mysticism has no parallel in the literature of the New Testament. The hierarchy system of the Roman church was patterned after the governmental structure of pagan Rome.Holy Matrimony
Holy Matrimony of course, refers to the institution of marriage. The Roman Catholic Church contends that marriage is a church institution, and since they believe that the Catholic church is the true, universal church of Christ, the Roman Church claims marital jurisdiction over all who have been baptized in that communion.
Marriage between Catholics is considered a sacrament (Council of Trent, Sess. xxix, can. 2). Marriage between two non-Catholics is but a mere contract. Contrary to the teaching of Jesus Christ (Mt. 5:32; 19:9), the Catholic Church permits no valid cause for divorce.
However, with influence in the right places, and especially if one has sufficient financial resources, an annulment (i.e., a declaration that ones original marriage never was valid) can be effected on almost any basis, and Catholics may remarry following the annulment. Modern clergymen are as adept as were the ancient Pharisees at manipulating divine law for a desired result!Extreme Unction
Extreme Unction in the Roman Catholic system is a part of the last rites administered to those who are dying. It involves the application of consecrated oil, by a properly ordained priest, to the eyes, ears, nostrils, lips, hands, and feet of the failing victim. It is alleged to be valid in granting pardon from sin. It is claimed to be grounded in Scripture (Mk. 6:13; Jas. 5:14-15), though these passages have nothing to do with preparation for death. The doctrine of was defined at the Council of Trent.
....over the many centuries ...the Roman Church has had a fluctuating recognition as to what constitutes a genuine sacrament. The number of sacraments has varied from five to twelve. It was not until the session of Trent in 1549 that the number seven became fixed as an article of faith.https://www.christiancourier.com/articles/824-what-about-the-sacram