4WD, as long as you and others reject the two Adam's as head of their posterity will be as long as you and others stay in the dark concerning the truth gospel of Jesus Christ, for it is impossible for anyone to understand the gospel of Jesus Christ without understanding how Adam was a figure of Christ.
The interesting aspect of your view of all of this is that while you attribute to Adam the death of the entire human race, you attribute to Jesus the life, that is the overcoming of the death due to Adam, to only a relative few. Thus in your view, Adam was not a type, a figure, of Jesus at all; in fact in your view, the effects of Jesus obedience pales mightily in comparison to the effects of Adams disobedience. If Adam is the figure of Christ as you claim, how is it that you see the effects of Adam as universal, yet the effects of Jesus as a mere pittance of that?
4WD, how was Adam a figure of Christ, and Christ a figure of Adam? Care to give your understanding, or would you like me to do so AGAIN?
I will give you my understanding of how Adam was a figure, a type, a pattern, of Jesus Christ. But first we have to understand that the death and life spoken of in Romans 5:12-21 is not physical death and physical life; instead it is spiritual death and spiritual life. Some want to see the entire passage to be addressing bodily death and bodily resurrection. That cannot be the case, because life that is being discussed is a life of righteousness. The physical resurrection is not a resurrection to righteousness.
So then in what manner does Adam prefigure Christ? Only in this one point, namely, that just as Adam was only one man yet performed a single act that affected the whole human race, so also was Jesus Christ just only one man whose one act likewise affected the whole human race.
Never said we would not give an account of our sins~of course we shall, the righteous IN THIS LIFE~ the wicked at the judgment seat. BUT, as far as WHY we are sinners and HOW we are made righteous is seen once one understands how Adam was a figure of Christ, and Christ of Adam!
RB, we are not sinners because of Adam. We are sinners because we, like Adam, are human beings. Death didn't spread to all men because Adam sinned; rather, "death spread to all men because all
men sinned-- "(Rom 5:12)
Now we understand that all are not righteous. So what does it mean that the "one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men" (Rom 5:18)
? How can that be? Well as you so often attest, the result of the one act of Adam was that all of mankind was born sinful; that is, the one act of Adam resulted in original sin imposed upon mankind. Therefore if Adam was a figure of the one to come (v.14), it must mean that if in Adam all are born sinful, then in Christ all are born righteous. The message in Romans 5:15-17 is that Christ and His sacrifice are greater than Adam and his sin. The message in Romans 5:18-19 is that Christ and His sacrifice completely cancels the results of Adam's sin. In other words, the obedience of Christ nullified the disobedience of Adam.
The cross of Christ is worthy of our trust. We do not need to doubt the all-encompassing and all-sufficiency of the cross of Christ. In this passage, it is important to note that the obedience of Jesus is not set over against the disobedience of us; rather the obedience of Jesus is set over against the disobedience of Adam.
Finally I would note that you asked,
how was Adam a figure of Christ, and Christ a figure of Adam?
In the discussion in Romans 5, Adam is presented as a figure of Christ, but it does present Christ as a figure of Adam. Adam was a type. Christ was not a type. Christ was the anti-type. In the discussion, Adam was a foreshadow of Christ; Christ was most certainly not presented as a foreshadow of Adam.