And the first word that has to researched, is the word BAPTISM!
Dan, I just looked up to see how long you have been posting here, and to my surprise, you first joined thirteen and a half years ago; so, you should know that this subject has been well considered and considering this forum was started by the Church of Christ-members or, at least closely associated with them, it should not even be a question whether or not his subject has been researched, it has many times over and will many times in the future, and that's okay for any new reader that needs to better understand this all-important Christian doctrine.
When I looked at the Greek it is the Greek word, BAPTISMA, a noun. This Greek word is used some 22 x from Matthew --- Ephesians.
Well, I am very contended laboring to search the truth out using my English Bible that God has so graciously given to his children who speak the English language. If I just can master the truth in my own language through the help of the Spirit of God, then I will hold it fast and defend the truth, so help me God. So far, I have been very blessed, and happy doing so. I do not need a Doctor of Divinity or deal with the pride of thinking I know the truth in a language that is not my mother tongue when the truth is to be found in my tongue.
Besides all this, NO MAN LIVING truly knows what tongue the epistles were written in when they were written to several different churches in several different cities in different counties of the world. Those handwritten epistles could have been written in one particular language to the church that it was intended for and later gathered together into the one greek manuscripts and from there translated into different tongues around the world after the invention of the printing press. ALONG, the God of heaven preserving his word from being corrupted by the hands of maybe well-intended men~per Psalm 12.
And BAPTISMA means, someone who baptizes ,-!
I agree with 4WD, (with a few exceptions) when he said:
It most certainly does not mean someone who baptizes. It means the act of baptizing, i.e, immersion.
Later we might look at the exceptions.
So Rom 6:4 reads, Therefore we were buried together with Him ( CHRIST ) through this BAPTISMA INTO DEATH, in order that just as Christ was raised from the dead.
Also, notice that in Eph 4:5 it reads, One Lord, One Faith, One BAPTISM, and here it is NOT WATER BAPTISM, but it means that under GRACE there is only ONE BAPTIZER, the HOLY SPIRIT /
Dan you are confusing this doctrine. The baptism in Romans 6:4 is water baptism INTO Jesus Christ's religion/faith/doctrine, etc. It is when we first come to Christ and render an answer of a good conscience unto the question: "BELIEVEST THOU THIS?"
If so, then thou mayest be baptized into this truth religion of Jesus Christ. If anyone has received the evidence of the new birth and the gift of the Spirit, they are commanded to arise and be baptrised~per Acts 10
Acts 10:47,49~"Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we? And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.
The ONE baptism in Ephesians 4 is water baptism, the main doctrine that separates the religion of Jesus Christ from all other religions in this world. Much more could be said, but enough for now.
If you are NOT, BAPTISMA into Christ's death, you will not be RESURRECTED as this also explains 1 Cor 15: 29 BAPTISM for the DEAD.
When I first read this day so or so, I wanted to comment then but time would not allow me to do so. I'm coming back to this since again some of my grandchildren are calling for me to come to the pool and sit and talk with them.
Btw, one of my oldest grandsons wants me to address the subject of BAPTISM with him and his wife to be as soon as I can and when she arrives back from vacation before they are married~not that it is related in any way, just they want to be on the same page of understanding I assume, but do not know~maybe they were reading and had questions that needed to be answered.
Later, I'll finish.