Summary and outline to consider Romans eleven:
God elected only some of national Israel to be His people, and He cast away the rest, leaving them in perpetual and total darkness. In providential wisdom, He also blinded some of elect Israel to further assist redirecting the gospel to the Gentiles during this key reformational and transitional generation.
Most miss this truth, thereby, leaving them wresting with the true meaning of Romans eleven
. Gentiles were to respect these blind but elect Jews
, be humbled by the exchange, fear their own gospel standing, desire Jewish conversions, and be thankful. When this transfer of gospel and kingdom privileges from Israel to Gentiles was complete, the blind part of elect Israel would convert
. This happened for the most part
DURING the time of the true biblical reformation~ who could conceive such dealings without revelation teaching this truth? All glory to God!Romans 11:
1-6 God had an elect remnant in Paul’s day like in Elijah’s day.
7-10 God had completely and permanently blinded reprobate
11-15 Elect Israel
stumbled at the gospel for the Gentiles and jealousy.
16-24 Gentiles to be appreciative and humble; Israel may be recovered.
25-29 Some elect Israelites were blinded to the gospel for Gentiles.
30-32 God brought about mercy to elect Gentiles and
to elect Israel.
33-36 God’s electing grace and wisdom are worthy of great adoration.Biblical truths taught elsewhere given to Guide the Interpretation of this Chapter.
There is an obvious election within the nation of Israel that is identified as God’s true children (9:6,24), etc. Most will agree with this. There is no further benefit for being an Israelite in 9-11, as God’s children are distinct from the nation. The election in Israel
must be kept in mind to rightly identify “Israel” as national Israel or elect Israel. There is a part of Israel that is absolutely not children of God's promises: (9:24; 11:7; Matthew 23:33; Revelation 2:9; 3:9; Galatians 4:21-31). Scripture has no private interpretations, so only doctrine taught elsewhere in the Bible should be found here. We require two or three witnesses as a minor rule of Bible interpretation before teaching any doctrine.
Many are the wild notions about a latter-day conversion of national Israel that are created from this text. The Jews do not have anything held out for them in this chapter that is not held out for them in other places
We will not put up a middle wall of partition in any way to restore Jewish privilege that Jesus destroyed. We will defend the finished work of the cross that Jews and Gentiles are one (Galatians 3:28-29; Ephesians 2:14-22). The true Israel is a spiritual seed from every nation under heaven. Revelation 7:9,10. The real seed of Abraham is not natural Jews, and they have never been
The millennial kingdom is now, and will not be in the future in Jerusalem which is now. Paul rejected Jewish fables as contrary to the gospel and to be opposed by great ministerial zeal (Titus 1:9-16). The warning is clear enough and the apostolic history clear enough that there were heresies circulating. Any idea of restoration to the land, earthly Jerusalem, a third temple, or Jewish preeminence is heresy. There is no New Testament support for earthly revival, restoration, or anything remarkable for them.
I will follow the Lord Jesus and Paul regarding them (Matthew 23:33; Hebrews 12:22-24; Revelation 2:9; 3:9; Galatians 4:21-31). There is no future regathering, salvation, revival, or program of any kind for biological or national Jews
. God blinded that rebellious biological and national people with extraordinary blindness to the gospel. We still see this blindness today and will always see it.
God’s elect of both Jews and Gentiles comprise one new kingdom, nation, body, or church in Christ. The tabernacle of David, or another term for the olive tree, was being built currently (Acts 15:13-18). Any present or future kingdom must be spiritual and described elsewhere (Hebrews 12:22-24,28-29; 13:14).
The real seed of Abraham and heirs of the promises are Christ’s by faith and baptism (Galatians 3:16,26-29). Rightly dividing scripture for the sense is key, as several terms are used differently (Nehemiah 8:8; 2nd Timothy 2:15).
Consider 11:1-2 with 11:15, where they absolutely were not cast away, but they in fact were cast away! Consider 11:11-12, where they absolutely did not fall, but did fall, and their fall produced great things! Is it national or elect Israel?
Which one of the two Israels found in 9:6 is to be understood in 11:1-11? Proportion will avoid extreme views of one generation of believing Jews trumping 2000 years of enmity. Jewish blindness has not contributed to any Gentile conversion you know personally outside scripture. Jealousy does not run under the surface for 2000 years and then results in a generation loving Christ. One future generation of converted Jews does not match 70 generations since Paul that hated Christ!
In these chapters, Israel = Jews, Gentiles = non-Jews, and the two are never combined as “Israel” (Galatians 6:16). The key verse is 11:11, as you must identify an antecedent for the pronouns and stick with it in the chapter. This antecedent had fallen, but had not fallen, and their fall was for the benefit of the Gentiles and Jews. This antecedent had fallen, but there was still potential for them to be saved by Paul’s labors (11:14-15).
No matter how you interpret 11:1-10, you must apply 11:11 to one or the other half of Israel in 11:1-10. No matter how you interpret 11:1-10, you must see 11:11 as a description of elect but blinded Jews. If 11:1-10 describes converted and blinded parts of elect Israel, “they” of 11:11 must be the blinded rest. If 11:1-10 describes elect and reprobate parts of national Israel, “they” of 11:11 must be the election.
Prophetic perspective identifies and separates future tense verbs of quoted verses from the current writing. For example, the future tense of Acts 2:17 was future only to Joel, not to Peter who limited it to then. For example, the future tense of Acts 15:16 was future only to Amos, not James who limited it to then. For example, the future tense of Heb 8:8-12 was future only to Jeremiah, not the writer of Hebrews who limited it to then. For example, the future tense of Heb 12:26 was future only to Haggai, not to the writer of Hebrews who limited it to then. For example, the future tense of Mat 17:11 was future only to Malachi, not Jesus, who limited it to then. For example, the future tense of Rom 11:26-27 was future only to Isaiah, not Paul who limited it to then.
Eternal life and gospel salvation must be understood based on the rest of scripture and preceding chapters. Eternal life is an unconditional gift of God, and gospel faith is not~ it has conditions, instruments, or means.
The only salvation that was a mere possibility and Paul could bring about himself is gospel salvation
. Gospel salvation is that which is found in such places as Ist Timothy 4:16 and Ist Corinthians 15:2 and James 5:19-20, etc., etc.
The salvation Paul has been pursuing (10:1) has been gospel conversion only for elect Israelites only
By cheating ahead, we see a blinded, elect portion of Israel that was a “mystery” requiring explanation that truly explains the whole chapter, since Paul “might” save “some” of these.
Blinded national Jews were no mystery at all, because they are described throughout the scriptures and in this epistle as early as chapter 2.
Do not let Luke 21:24 cause confusion. The times of the Gentiles are this and the last dispensation on earth
. There is no reason to equate “times of the Gentiles be fulfilled” and “fullness of the Gentiles come in.” Nothing has changed in 72 years since 1948 (state of Israel in Middle East); do not presume a change.
Some verses are more key than others in opening the passage for properly understanding its overall lessons. The pronoun “they” in 11:11 is most key, as a division between 11:1-10 and 11:11-32 must occur. The olive tree needs to be correctly identified and not simply assumed or overlooked as obvious. There is a “mystery” in 11:25, and a number of facts about the Jews was no mystery at all. Find one. The fullness of the Gentiles should be more closely connected to 11:12 than Luke 21:24 by a long shot. All Israel being saved in 11:26 should be identified by the Israel in context and the salvation prophesied
There are unconverted elect in this passage (11:28-29), and their case and precedent are quite important. The timing issues of the chapter are fascinating since the majority of expositors rush to distant futurism. The tabernacle of David, or another term for the olive tree, was being built currently (Acts 15:13-18).
Note Paul’s use of the present in 11:1,5,11,14,17,22-24,25,28,30-32. There is nothing of a distant future. Jewish blindness then or for the last 2000 years does not assist our conversion or theirs in the future.