A short history:
It’s a fascinating story of how we got the Bible in its present form, it's history some two thousand years ago. The Word of God was trapped in the Latin language for many centuries. We have to go back to the 14th century to find out when the scriptures were first written in the English language. The man who took center stage on this project, and against all odds and great danger to his life was John Wycliffe.
His work was hand written and produced in the later part of the 14th century. Wycliffe was a professor at Oxford, a scholar, and theologian. He was in opposition to the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church and went toe to toe with them concerning the word of God. With the help the Lollards, and others, he produced dozens of copies of the scriptures in the English language. He translated out of the Latin Vulgate, which was his only source. Of course, the Pope was infuriated by his translation of the Bible into English. When Wycliffe pasted away, it was ordered by the Roman Church that his bones be dug-up, crushed, and scattered in the river. Nice people!