The Sinner vs. Free Will And Capability
The human will should be studied consecutively, in its four stages: innocence, fallen, grace, and glory in order to fully understand man's will.
God created man upright and declared him very good in the Garden of Eden with a free will
. God declared man very good (Genesis 1:31), and Adam willed to obey God (Genesis 2:19; 3:8).
God’s inspired revelation declares that man was created upright, but he has fallen. To keep this short only references will be provided. (Ecclesiastes 7:29). Adam’s death the day he ate in rebellion was the death of his free will
(Genesis 2:17 cp
5:5).Read of his fear that caused him to hide from God’s presence in the Garden (Genesis 3:8-10). We can read of the proud and unrepentant attitude that blamed Eve for his sin (Genesis 3:12). In Eden, Adam was created with a will free to choose righteousness or to choose sin.
When man fell and died in that day, his will died as to any affectionate desire toward God
. Dead in trespasses and sins, man is only
subject to Satan’s will (Ephesians 2:1-3 cp
2nd Timothy 2:26). He has no understanding or fear of God and will not seek Him (Romans 3:9-18). He has no place in his heart for God’s word or understanding of it (John 8:43,47). His heart is deceitful above all things and desperately wicked (Jeremiah 17:9). Due to the pride of his fallen nature, man will not seek or think about God (Psalm 10:4). Fallen man will not
come to Christ, since he hates the light (John 3:19-21; 5:40). This is true of all men per Romans 3.
Since he hates God and His things, man cannot obey or please God (Romans 8:7-8). His mind is so corrupt and void of virtue, he cannot receive God (Ist Corinthians 2:14). His will is so perverted against right thinking that he will worship trees
(Isaiah 44:9-20). As fallen, man’s will is bound to sin, but free from righteousness (Romans 6:16-20). No matter how much influence is applied, man’s will is corrupt (Isaiah 26:10; Luke 16:31). That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and there is no desire toward spiritual things at all
~a strong enmity against God per God's own testimony who knows the hearts of all men BETTER than they know themselves!
When man is regenerated and quickened by grace, his will is restored to Adam’s state. God’s people become willing in the day of His power (Psalm 110:3 cp Philippians 2:13). We strive here with a willing spirit and an unwilling flesh (Matthew 26:41 cp
Romans 7:18-25). God does not allow events where our will cannot choose righteousness (Ist Corinthians 10:13). After
regeneration, man has two spirits, which choose righteousness or sin, respectively. In this state, man is free to righteousness or sin by exploiting either spirit by his will. Even after we are born again, we have total warfare between the flesh and spirit (Galatians 5:17).
When man is glorified in heaven, his will shall be made perfectly holy in its affections. The resurrection shall free us finally from the corruption of the flesh (Romans 8:19-23), but not until then.
In a glorified state before God, we shall only will God’s righteousness (Revelation 21:27).
Man’s four states are (a) freedom to fall, (b) freedom from righteousness, (c) freedom to righteousness, and (d) freedom from falling.
We preach the gospel to those who are regenerated, so we can reach a will able to believe. We strive to emphasize good works, because we are free to righteousness or to sin. Pharaoh truly thought he was making his own decisions, and he did them voluntarily without coercion; but the blessed God had purposed and restrained him from any rational thought (Ex 9:16).
Satan, like Adam, was created with the power of volition, an ability to will; and he chose to sin. Joseph’s brothers only thought about getting rid of Joseph, but God overruled it for their salvation!
The will of man is not involved in the matter of salvation~ legal or vital (John 1:13; Romans 9:16). Far lower in the order of things is our dependence on the will of God for minor events (Jas 4:13-15).We may choose to do this or that, but our choice is entirely dependent on God’s will for blessing. Since we do not know or understand God’s will, we simply do what we should do (Eccl 11:5-6).