Notice that in Zechariah 12:2 it says:Zec 12:2 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the people round about, when they shall be in the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem. The word "cup" in the verse above is not as accurate as the Hebrew. The Hebrew word for "cup" in that verse is actually "saf"
(Sawf) H5592 סף saph safFrom H5605, in its original sense of containing; a vestibule (as a limit); also a dish (for holding blood or wine): - bason, bowl, cup, door (post), gate, post, THRESHHOLD.
In ancient times, and even today in the middle east, there is a custom called "The Threshold
Covenant" which is where people make covenants with one another by putting the blood of an animal (kosher animal in our case) at the THRESHOLD
of the door.
For those that do not know what a threshold is, it is the bottom part of your doors that people step OVER to enter into your homes. In the eastern world, the threshold
was the most sacred part of the entire house. It was where covenants were made with one another and also with deities (the god/gods of the home). This was and still is a common practice. Do you all remember the Passover account?YHWH told Israel to put BLOOD (of a Lamb) on the door posts and mantel. This was a sign of COVENANT.
A basin was used to carry the blood in. We are used to seeing a basin as a bowl we hold in our hands. However in ancient times, the basin (hole) was built INTO the threshold of the door so you could put the blood into it at the threshold, and then put it on the door posts.
The Passover custom was nothing new. Ancient cultures did these sorts of things all the time towards their gods AND towards each other. We are ignorant to these customs because we are westernized. The Bible was written in the Middle East, by eastern people, who lived a very EASTERN lifestyle, NOT western.
Therefore, it would serve us well to understand the Bible through the lenses of EASTERN culture, and not western Greco-Roman/American culture. The concept of Covenant was rather intense in the eastern culture.
At times, people who were instituting covenants with one another would identify the best of their animals, and then take and kill the animals. They would then cut them in pieces so there would be blood seen in order to show that a blood covenant was being made. They would then set the animal pieces on each side like two rows with a walkway in the middle. They would then say the covenant with each other, ￼then both walk through the walkway between the two rows of dead animals.Then when they were done, they would say to each other, "If one of us breaks the covenant we just made with each other, may we be like the animals we just killed..."
This is significant to understand, because YHWH, the Creator of the universe, made an everlasting Covenant with Abraham. YHWH came to Abraham in a dream and showed him a bunch of animals already killed, and the YHWH Himself passed between the pieces! Do you see the picture of Covenant YHWH is trying to show us?
We wouldn't realize this unless we understood the customs of covenant according to the eastern cultures.Gen 15:17-18 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that PASSED BETWEEN THOSE PIECES (which was the pieces of the animals). In the same day YHWH made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates
Now with all that in mind, you now understand more fully the context of Zechariah 12:2 when YHWH says, "I will make Jerusalem a THRESHOLD
In other words, Jerusalem is the anointed place where Messiah will reign, and where YHWH has placed His Name. It is the threshold
of his "house". Those who cross over it with evil intent in their hearts show that they despise His Covenant, and will become like the cut up pieces of the animals that were killed. This is heavy duty Covenant language.
You might ask, how can we really be sure that this is covenant language? Let’s examine the very NEXT verse in Zechariah 12:3:Zec 12:3 And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.
Here you have Zechariah 12:2-3 using ancient covenant language to express the heart of YHWH. Those who cross over His threshold
(Jerusalem, the place of Covenant) with evil intent shall be cut to pieces
like animals as if one broke covenant with another man right after walking through the animal pieces like the example in Gen.15. If Jerusalem is the threshold
of YHWH where Covenant is made with all nations, then what blood was shed at that "threshold"
to regather us back to His Covenant?
Jesus, or His Hebrew name Yeshua should have come to mind. Yeshua was sent as the Lamb of YHWH whose blood was shed in Jerusalem (threshold
of YHWH) so that we can be renewed into His Covenant and be His Israel again.
Yeshua was not sent to shed His blood so that we can reject the law or Torah of ￼￼￼￼YHWH. Yeshua was sent to shed his blood BECAUSE we have all transgressed YHWH's Torah, ...because all have sinned and broke His Torah.
Incorporating pagan god worship days and ways and dissolving such blessing filled commandments such as the Sabbath, Feast days, and dietary instructions was never part of what Yeshua intended to do. These things are still part of the covenant Yeshua brought us back into.
Here is the final point. The way a person would show hatred towards someone who wants to be in covenant is by refusing to step over the threshold.
Instead, the person showing hatred towards the covenant would TRAMPLE and STOMP ON the threshold
of a person's home. This was considered worse than cursing at your neighbor.
Now with that in mind, please consider this verse PRAYERFULLY and CAREFULLY...Hebrews 10:26-29 For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and fiery indignation that will devour the adversaries.
Anyone who has rejected Moses’ law dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.
Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has TRAMPLED (stomped) the Son of God underfoot, counted the BLOOD OF THE COVENANT by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace?
*Do you see the connection? Do you see how covenant language was used in the above verse concerning trampling/stomping on the BLOOD?Heb 10:30 For we know Him who said, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,”says the Lord. And again, “The LORD (Yahweh) will judge His people.”
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. The reality is that some day, YHWH is going to come and clean house. Everything we just read was prefaced in verse 25 by the context of when we see the “day” approaching:“...and so much the more as you see the Day approaching.”
This of course, is the “Day of the Lord” ...which is a 1,000 year long day, which starts with judgment of believers. The judgment for unbelievers does not happen till after the 1000 years. Many do not really fully understand the “Day of the Lord.”
Most understand, after reading 2 Thes. 2 for example, that the Day of the Lord is when Yeshua returns, and that the prophets in their many mentions of the “Day of the Lord” indicate that it begins with judgment. And judgment begins in the House of YHWH first. We just read that.
Remember, in the context of the Day of the Lord, we are told by Peter that a “Day” is a thousand years (2 Peter 3:8), even revealing to us before Revelation was written that the Day of the Lord was to be 1,000 years. We are told that our Lord Yeshua is going to reign for a thousand years in Revelation 20:4.
Are you starting to see why it is called the “Day of the Lord?” It should start becoming clear now. It is because our Lord will be reigning for a full day, or 1,000 years. It is His day, the Lord’s day.
Interestingly enough, at the end of the 1,000 years, Yeshua hands the authority and Kingdom back to the Father (1 Corinthians 15:24). Why is this important to understand? Why does it even matter? It matters because the last 1,000 years, the last day, is the end of the 7,000 year periods. The 1,000 years in which Yeshua comes back to reign is the 7th day. Perhaps now you might be seeing why this is important, especially if you have Hebrews 3-4 in mind.
The 1,000 year reign of Yeshua is our Sabbath rest. It is the rest that we are waiting to enter after judgment. Remember Yeshua said that He is Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:28). The weekly Sabbath is a prophetic foreshadowing of the last 1,000 years, the Day of the Lord, that we are still waiting to enter. Remember, the “Lord’s Day” has always been His Sabbath, the 7th day...
The promise still remains of us entering His rest:Hebrews 4:1
Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it.
Then the author of Hebrews warns us about what happened to Israel in the dessert.For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it.
Did you hear that? They had the same gospel preached to them as we did. They had the same Word of God. The same message. How many have thought that we had a new gospel in the New Testament? They did not have the faith to carry out the Word of God, for if they really had faith, they would have done the Word of God. We do what we believe, right? But we who have faith, who have believed, enter that rest....Hebrews 4:3 For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He has said:
“ So I swore in My wrath,
‘ They shall not enter My rest,’”
although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.
Notice, just like verse 1 stated that we have not yet entered that rest, verse 3 focuses on those who have “believed” ...verse 2 indicates that those who successfully walked out their faith, or ran the race as Paul calls it, are those who enter His
rest. We believe, and we are believing, but until we reach the end, we have not yet fully believed.
Then the author begins teaching on the Day of the Lord, the day of rest, as the 7th day.Hebrews 4:4-10 For He has spoken in a certain place of the seventh day in this way: “And God rested on the seventh day from all His works”; and again in this place: “They shall not enter My rest.”
6 Since therefore it remains that some must enter it, and those to whom it was first preached did not enter because of disobedience, 7 again He designates a certain day, saying in David, “Today,” after such a long time, as it has been said:
“ Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts.” For if Joshua had given them rest, then He would not afterward have spoken of another day. There remains therefore a rest for the people of God. For he who has entered His rest has himself also ceased from his works as God did from His.
You see, there is another day that we look forward to, the day of rest. It is not until we enter the Sabbath rest, the last 1,000 years, the Day of the Lord, that we finally cease from our work. Must of us agree that we are still working. We are still sharing His Word and teaching the nations. The rest still remains.
You still might ask, how does this relate to the threshold covenant. Well, remember...Israel in the desert trampled all over the covenant, and they did not enter into His rest. They continued willfully sinning. They continued in disobedience. They received the same gospel as us, but did not walk it out in faith.
Remember what we also read in Hebrews in chapter 10? Chapter 4 obviously precedes chapter 10. Chapter 10 listed the consequences of continuing in willful sin after we have received knowledge of the truth. It listed the judgment one would receive in trampling on the blood of the covenant and insulting the spirit of grace.
So if we do not follow the Word of God, does that mean we will not enter that still pending 1,000 year rest at the Day of the Lord?
Let’s continue reading chapter 4Hebrews 4:11-13 Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall according to the same example of disobedience. 12 For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. 13 And there is no creature hidden
from His sight, but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must give account.
We need to be diligent in order to enter that rest, which means being in sync with the Word of God, not against it. There are so many reasons to not trample the blood of the covenant once you know the truth.
If you say you believe and have faith in the Word of God, which is who Yeshua claims to be (John 1:14; Revelation 19:13) the same today, yesterday and forever (Hebrews 8:13), then I strongly encourage you to begin following all of the Word of God, instead of select portions of it.Tribulation could be coming soon.
Please repent to the Covenant, surrender and learn His ways BEFORE the storm comes upon you as a thief in the night.
Don’t fall into His judgment as Hebrews chapters 4 and 10 warn us. Do not trample the blood of the covenant. Look forward to the 7th day rest, the 1,000 years, the Day of the Lord.
We do not want you to be ashamed at his coming.
We pray that this study has blessed you, and remember, continue to test everything.