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• Mark 14:61-62 . . Again the high priest was questioning him, and saying to him: Are you the Christ, the son of the Blessed?" And Jesus said: I am;
The connection between the Christ (a.k.a. Messiah) and the son of the Blessed (a.k.a. God) wasn't something new and unusual. The connection was already well-known; not just among Judaism's elite, but also among ordinary pew warmers too.
So; how did they know? Who told them that Messiah would be the son of God rather than just another nondescript son? For example:
"I said: You are all sons of the Most High." (Ps 82:6)
In a nutshell: It was believed that all kings of the Davidic dynasty were each in their turn the son of God in a special way. For example David (Ps 89:27) Solomon (2Sam 7:12-14) and all the others (Psalm 2 and Psalm 45)
NOTE: The Hebrew equivalent to Christ is mashiyach (maw-shee'-akh) which simply means anointed-- i.e. divine appointment to a throne --and isn't limited to Jewish monarchy, e.g. Cyrus (Isa 45:1)
So then, Jesus admitted that he was indeed the son of God; and by doing so laid claim to the Davidic monarchy-- not only in the presence of the high priest, but also Pilate; the Roman official governing Israel at that time.
• John 18:37 . . Pilate said: You are a king, then? Jesus answered: You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born.