Exodus Bible Study

The theme of the Bible is redemption and Exodus certainly has a lot to say on that subject as it tells the story of how the children of Israel were redeemed from slavery.

The theme of the Bible is redemption and Exodus certainly has a lot to say on that subject as it tells the story of how the children of Israel were redeemed from slavery.

The redemptive story begins in Genesis when man sins. God promises one will come who will crush Satan. The story in Genesis goes on to reveal the early steps in the fulfillment of this promise as God chooses Abraham, the man through whom the Christ would come. The book ends with Abraham’s descendants in Egypt.

Exodus picks up the story some 400 years later when Abraham’s family has grown into a nation. During this time they had become enslaved by Egypt. God strikes Egypt with a series of plagues. The final plague, in which all the first born of Egypt perish, convinces Pharaoh to allow Israel to leave. Israel itself is saved from this plague by placing blood on their doorpost.

After Israel’s departure from the land, Pharaoh changes his mind and pursues Israel. God parts the Red Sea so Israel can escape through it and then closes the sea on the Egyptian army.

Israel journeys from the Red Sea to Mount Sinai. When they arrive, God speaks the Ten Commandments for the first time in the hearing of all Israel. The people are frightened by God’s presence and ask God to speak to them through Moses. God grants their request and Moses goes up the mountain and spends forty days receiving the Law.

Meanwhile, down in the camp the people lose faith and convince Aaron to make them a golden calf to worship. God desires to destroy them and raise up the Christ through Moses, but Moses’ prayer prevails and God punishes the people instead.

Moses returns to the mountain for another 40 days and then brings the Law to the people. He also brings with him a pattern for a tabernacle in which God will dwell with the people.

The book breaks down nicely into three portions:

I. The Exodus, 1-18
II. The Law, 19-24
III. The Tabernacle, 25-40

Each part of the story has deep theological implications. The ten plagues are not just random disasters but are actually judgments against Egypt’s gods.

When God delivers the people through the blood on their doorposts He signifies that redemption will be with blood. This is fulfilled in Christ.

The journey through the Red Sea is a baptism into Moses and is the demarcation between slavery and freedom.

God speaking to the people through Moses has long term implications in which God doesn’t speak directly to man, but chooses prophets through whom He speaks. This finally has its fulfillment in Christ when God speaks to us through His Son.

The tabernacle is full of symbollogy connecting it to the scheme of redemption. The sacrifices on the altar symbolize the sacrifice of Christ for our sins. The laver symbolizes cleansing and perhaps is a picture of baptism. Within the tabernacle incense burns which represents the prayers of God’s people. A candlestick, representing the nation’s intended purpose of being a light to the world, provides light in the tabernacle, and bread represents the word of God. Finally, in the Holy of Holies the mercy seat itself represents God’s grace as He reveals His plan of redemption and grants the forgiveness of sins.

Exodus ends full of promise. The people have met God and received the Law. It is time for them to move out and posses the land which God has promised them. A pillar of fire rests over the tabernacle each night. A pillar of cloud leads them through the wilderness by day. God feeds them with manna from heaven. What a wonderful picture of God dwelling with His people.